An archeological mission operating in the Kom al-Khaledjan area of Dakalia province, led by Sayed al-Talhawi, has succeeded in uncovering 110 tombs dating to three different ancient eras.
Among the burials found are 68 tombs belonging to the era of civilization of Lower Egypt and 5 tombs of the era of civilization Nakada III, as well as 37 tombs of the Hyksos era. Excavations continue to reveal more secrets of the region. According to the Secretary General of the High Council of Antiquities Mustafa Waziri, the discovery is an important historical and archaeological addition to the monument.
For his part, Ayman Ashmavi, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Sector at the High Council of Antiquities, added that the 68 tombs are oval-shaped pits carved on the region’s sandy island, where people were buried squatting. Most of the buried lie on the left side facing west. This is in addition to the discovery of the remains of the infant’s burial in a clay vessel of the Boto II period, with a small spherical ceramic vessel placed with it.
The mission found inside the pits a group of buried furniture typical of the period, including cylindrical and pear-shaped vessels, as well as a bowl, the surface of which is decorated with drawings and geometric shapes.
Nadiya Hader, head of the Central Administration of Lower Egypt at the Verkhovna Rada for Antiquities, said that the cemeteries of the second transitional period (the Hyksos period) contained 37 tombs, 31 of which were semi-rectangular pits 20 cm to 85 cm deep.
These graves are characterized by an elongated burial position, with the head facing west and up. This is in addition to the discovery of a ceramic sarcophagus with a child buried inside and two clay brick cemeteries in the form of a rectangular structure, inside which were found two children’s burials and some funeral furniture.
The mission also discovered a group of ovens and kilns and the remains of a raw brick foundation; ceramic vessels; amulets, jewelry (such as earrings) and scarabs, some of which were made of semi-precious stones.